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INTERIOR PAINTING

preparation

A fresh coat of paint will transform any room, and the satisfaction you will get from doing the job yourself lasts long after the paint has dried. But before you start painting on walls and ceilings here is some advice and a few tips to help you get the job done properly, and with a minimum amount of mess.

Don't forget to put drop sheets down and cover any furniture you can't remove from the room.

INTERIOR PAINTING

preparation

Which paint, where?

Water-based paints are popular for most walls and ceilings. They're easy to apply, are touch dry in 20 to 30 minutes, can usually be re-applied in two hours and you can clean up in water. Generally, water-based enamel and oil-based enamel paint provide the toughest, hard wearing surface for areas needing constant cleaning, such as doors, windows and trim. With the advances in technology, water based enamels are now replacing the traditional oil-based paint enamels.

  • Flat or low sheen acrylic or vinyls are commonly used for more formal, less frequented areas like dining rooms, bedrooms and lounge rooms where the matt finish suits the atmosphere.
  • A semi-gloss acrylic is ideal in high traffic areas such as kitchens, family rooms, or children's rooms where the need for frequent cleaning may occur.
  • For ceilings Ceiling Whites are highly recommended as they are ultra flat in sheen and mask surface imperfections.
  • Use Kitchen & Bathroom paint to prevent mould in wet areas like kitchens, laundries and bathrooms.

Don't forget to put drop sheets down and cover any furniture you can't remove from the room.

INTERIOR PAINTING

preparation

PREPARATION

As in all things, preparation is critical in ensuring a fine finish. Following these tips will help you achieve the quality paint job you are after.  Scrape away flakes and blisters, check the surface and fill any cracks with interior filler and then use sandpaper to sand to a smooth finish. Where movement is likely to occur, in places like the joins between architraves and walls, use a flexible filler such as Accent Gap Filler. Finally dust & wash down with sugar soap to remove all dirt and dust.

It's essential that paint is applied to a clean surface, for best results and durability wash walls down well with sugar soap to remove dirt, grease and smoke stains.

INTERIOR PAINTING

preparation

Painting Application

Masking

Apply the masking tape along edges where you don't want paint. For the best result, use a quality masking tape when masking up as cheap tapes rip easily and allow paint to bleed through the edges. Mix the paint thoroughly. Use a paint stirrer and stir from the bottom upwards (not just around) until all the paint is quite smooth and the colour is even.

When to paint

The wall temperature must be above 10C throughout the painting process, you should generally avoid painting in extremely hot or cold conditions.

It's essential that paint is applied to a clean surface, for best results and durability wash walls down well with sugar soap to remove dirt, grease and smoke stains.

INTERIOR PAINTING

preparation

Painting Sequence

Start with the ceiling

Cutting in the edges (leaving a fine edge) around the scotia (the mouldings which cover the line where the wall and ceiling join) with a brush. Fill in the main area with a roller working in narrow strips so you can clearly see where you have stopped and started.

Next, the walls

Start in the corner, cutting into wall edges, window and door frames. Fill the main areas using a roller, working along the wall evenly in an up and down motion. This helps you see more easily where you have stopped and started. Around windows, paint along the top band and repeat at the bottom.

Finally paint the door, windows & trim

Painting around Door Knobs & Hinges

Always remove as much hardware as you can before you paint. Carefully scrape old paint out of screw slots before you try to unscrew them.

Painting over glossy enamels with acrylics

Make sure that the old painted surface is clean and sound. Gloss enamels should be sanded to a flat finish, before you repaint with an acrylic.

EXTERIOR PAINTING

preparation

Painting your house will not only improve its looks, it will also protect it from the elements with proper preparation it's a project you can easily accomplish yourself.

Paint exterior doors and windows early in the day and prop them open to dry, and they will be ready to close by nightfall. Doors are painted from the outside in, doing the moulding first. Paint the edges, then the face, returning to the edges to lightly feather off any surplus paint with the tip of the brush.

EXTERIOR PAINTING

preparation

Choose your Paint

Semi-gloss and Gloss acrylic paints are commonly used for weatherboard homes, while low sheen acrylic paints are popular on brick, cement render and concrete surfaces.   Generally, enamel paints are preferred wherever a tough, hard-wearing, 'easy-to-wipe clean' surface is required. They take a little extra time to apply but can be well worth the trouble for doors, door frames; windows and other high wear areas.

Paint exterior doors and windows early in the day and prop them open to dry, and they will be ready to close by nightfall. Doors are painted from the outside in, doing the moulding first. Paint the edges, then the face, returning to the edges to lightly feather off any surplus paint with the tip of the brush.

EXTERIOR PAINTING

preparation

Preparation

All peeling paint must be scraped or wire brushed away, then primed. Use a heat gun to soften the old paint, so it's easy to scrape off with a stripping knife or scraper. Use a chemical stripper around windows as a heat stripper may crack the glass.

Fill cracks and holes

Use exterior filler for brick and concrete, and a flexible filler for timber. Sand the filler level with the surface.

Sanding

Thoroughly sand the whole area to be painted to clear any uneven spots and give the new paint a slightly roughened surface it can stick to, especially if the existing paint is gloss enamel.

Cleaning

Use a sugar soap to remove all grease, dirt and dust.

Paint exterior doors and windows early in the day and prop them open to dry, and they will be ready to close by nightfall. Doors are painted from the outside in, doing the moulding first. Paint the edges, then the face, returning to the edges to lightly feather off any surplus paint with the tip of the brush.

EXTERIOR PAINTING

preparation

When to paint

Outside painting should only be done in temperatures between 10°C and 40°C. In summer, the best way is to follow the sun around your home and paint only on the shady side. A good tip for painting in summer is not to paint in direct sunlight or onto a hot surface. Try to follow the shade where possible.

Paint exterior doors and windows early in the day and prop them open to dry, and they will be ready to close by nightfall. Doors are painted from the outside in, doing the moulding first. Paint the edges, then the face, returning to the edges to lightly feather off any surplus paint with the tip of the brush.

EXTERIOR PAINTING

preparation

Paint Application

Use a roller if possible on flat surfaces as paint will go on five times faster than with a brush. Always work from the unpainted area back into the painted area, maintaining a wet edge to avoid lap marks. For windows, start by cutting in around the glass with a small brush, then use a larger brush for the surrounding frame. Use masking tape along the glass edge to give a clean finish. Weatherboards are painted in two stages. Paint the underside of the board first then paint the face. Paint several boards at a time then move your ladder over and continue along the rest of the wall

Paint exterior doors and windows early in the day and prop them open to dry, and they will be ready to close by nightfall. Doors are painted from the outside in, doing the moulding first. Paint the edges, then the face, returning to the edges to lightly feather off any surplus paint with the tip of the brush.

APPLICATION

preparation

Which roller nap length should I use?

The nap or pile refers to the length of the roller's fibres.

  • Use a 6mm-8mm short nap for smooth surfaces and high gloss paints.
  • Use a 12mm medium nap for ceilings, walls, low sheen and flat paints.
  • Use a 20mm long nap for rough surfaces.

Never leave a paint-covered roller exposed to the air for any length of time. Wrap it in plastic cling wrap when you take a short break, and make sure to clean it completely after use.

APPLICATION

preparation

Brushing

The perfect grip for holding the brush is between the first finger and thumb, resting the fingertips on the top of the brush. Dip half the bristles into the paint and wipe the brush on the side of the can to remove excess. For the best result use short brush strokes when applying the paint.

Start at the top and work down, painting with light even strokes, working back into the wet edge. Always paint the edges of the area first. Always work in sections and paint up to a natural break before stopping.

Never try to paint over an area that is partially dried, as the brush will leave marks in the surface. If you see a run in the wet paint, paint over it as soon as possible with light even strokes.

As a general rule when painting, work from the top down so that you don't drip paint on areas that have already been painted.

APPLICATION

preparation

Rollers

After pouring the paint into the tray, dip the roller into the paint and then roll it back and forth on the shallow part of the tray to ensure even coverage. If you apply the paint too heavily it may splatter. Use an even pressure throughout application.

If you are planning to continue the work the next day, just keep the paint, brush and/or roller in the paint tray and cover with foil or cling wrap. The next morning, run the brush or roller over a newspaper a few times and it will be ready to use.

After the job is completed wash the rollers and brushes and paint tray with water for water-based paints or mineral turps for solvent-based paints.

Never leave a paint-covered roller exposed to the air for any length of time. Wrap it in plastic cling wrap when you take a short break, and make sure to clean it completely after use.

APPLICATION

preparation

Paint Application pads

Application pads are very handy when you have edges to paint around. Using a paint brush simply load the pad with paint and run it along the architrave, skirting or corner.

Remove masking tape or papers before the paint is too dry as removal later can lift and break the dry paint leaving a cracked and jagged edge.

As a general rule when painting, work from the top down so that you don't drip paint on areas that have already been painted.

TOP PAINTING TIPS

  • Trial your colour choice with a sample pot to see how the colour is affected by light and textures in your home.
  • Always stir paint thoroughly with a flat blade stirrer before painting to ensure your paint is properly mixed.
  • Don't leave a paint-covered roller exposed to the air. Wrap it in plastic cling wrap to keep it fresh and ready for use.
  • Never try to paint over an area that is partially dried as the brush will leave marks on the surface.
  • When painting doors and windows only, start early in the day and keep them open to dry. They should be dry and safe to close by the end of the day.
  • An artist's brush will help you get to those small areas quickly and neatly.
  • Use Kitchen & Bathroom paint to stop mould in wet areas like kitchens, laundries and bathrooms.
  • It's best to paint one wall at a time to prevent streaking on partially dried paint.
  • Paint from top to bottom. Ceiling first, then walls, leaving doors, windows and trim until last.
  • Never pour left over paint down the drain. Brush excess paint out onto newspaper and dispose of via domestic waste collections.
  • Always remove any masking tape while your paint is still relatively wet to avoid paint surfaces cracking.
  • Remember the painters rule when it comes to weather: If you wouldn't wash your car then don't paint.